Market Turnover


HKEX Rule Enforcement


The Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing Limited (HKEX) Rule Enforcement Framework consists of three elements: (i) prevention, (ii) detection and (iii) correction. Details of these elements are set out below.


    In a bid to prevent and deter participants from non-compliance with the relevant rules and regulations, HKEX will continue its effort in market communication and education in order to enhance the participants’ understanding of the relevant rules and regulations including conducting briefing sessions and issuing FAQs and circulars.


    In addition to its market surveillance and monitoring work and self-reporting of non-compliance by participants, HKEX has introduced an Annual Attestation and Inspection Programme since 2017 as follows:

    1. Self-Attestation of Compliance

    Each participant will be required, on an annual basis, to complete and return a questionnaire in the form prescribed by HKEX, in which the participant is required to attest its compliance with the relevant rules and regulations (or a specific section thereof) during the relevant period. The participant’s response to the questionnaire as well as its compliance history will, among other factors, form the basis of HKEX's assessment of the participant’s risk profile. HKEX may conduct follow-up enquiries with participants based on their risk profiles and may conduct investigations or on-site inspections at the participants’ premises.

    2. On-site Inspection

    HKEX will conduct risk-based on-site inspections at selected participants’ premises in relation to one or more priority areas as it may determine from time-to-time in consultation with the SFC. HKEX will take into consideration the overall levels of activity of participants in the priority areas in determining the participants that will be subject to on-site inspections. The participants subject to on-site inspections will be evaluated on their compliance with the relevant rules and regulations and HKEX may conduct further investigations based on such evaluation.


    HKEX will continue its effort to address any deficiencies and incidents of non-compliance by participants identified through various rectification measures and may commence disciplinary actions against participants in accordance with the relevant rules and regulations.

2024 Annual Attestation and Inspection Programme 2023 Annual Attestation and Inspection Programme
Links to Circulars


Presentation Materials
  • To be announced





Compliance Bulletin

The compliance bulletin provides useful guidance to market participants on HKEX rules and regulations through highlighting recent updates, compliance issues and good practices adopted by the industry, as well as outlining HKEX expectation that may assist market participants to achieve compliance.

Year  Month Publication
Latest Release  
2023 DEC
 2023 DEC   
2023  SEP  
2023  JUN    
 2023   MAR
 2023   MAR   
Other Publications
2022   DEC 
2022   DEC 
2022   SEP 
2022   JUN 
2022   APR 
2022   MAR
 2022    MAR 
2021 DEC
 2021  DEC
 2021  DEC
 2021 AUG
2021 AUG
2021 AUG
2021 JUN
2021 MAR
2021 FEB
2020 AUG
2018 JAN
2017 SEP
2017 JUL
2016 DEC



Compliance Reminders from Annual Attestation and Inspection Programme

The compliance reminders and presentation materials from the information sessions set out the rule requirements and key findings in the selected priority areas of the Annual Attestation and Inspection programme.

Year Publication


Electronic Submission of Questionnaires

Participants are required to submit the completed questionnaires via the ECP. For submission requirements and details, please refer to the instructions section of the questionnaire and the ECP User Guide.

For enquiries, please contact Market Surveillance and Monitoring at


Updated 17 May 2024